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108 Durga Names

Goddess Durga presents a radiantly beautiful form that captures the attention of a devotee. Simultaneously wrathful and benign, she transmits profound spiritual sentiments. She is famous as ‘Nava Durga’. Her nine forms are considered very sacred. Different in appearance, each form has its own meaning and significance.

The nine most popular forms under which she is worshipped are:
  1. Shailaputri (Daughter of the Mountain)
    ‘Shailaputri’ is the daughter of the great mountain, Himalaya, and the first among the nine Durgas. In her previous birth, she was the daughter of ‘Daksha.’ Her name was ‘Sati Bhavani’, the wife of Lord Shiva. Once Daksha had organized a big Yagna and did not invite Shiva. But Sati being obstinate, Shiva reached the Yagna venue. Daksha insulted Shiva. Sati could not tolerate the insult of her husband and burnt herself in the fire of Yagna. In the other birth she became the daughter of Himalaya in the name of Parvati - Himvathi and married Shiva. Gods bowed and prayed to her saying, "Thou are Shakti. Even the trinities, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, are deriving Shakti from you." Seated on ‘Nandi’, the sacred bull, Parvathi is holding a trident (Trishul) in one hand and Lotus (Kamala) in the other. She symbolises the trinities.
     
  2. Brahmacharini
    The second Durga Shakti is ‘Brahamcharini.’ Brahma that is who observes penance (tapas) and follows virtue. Here "Brahma" means "Tapa". The Goddess is very gorgeous in this form. There is a rosary in her right hand and a Kamandalu (holy pot) in her left hand. She is full with merriment. In the previous birth, she was Parvati - Hemavathi, the daughter of Himavan. Once, when she was busy in games with her friends, Narada came to her and predicted that she would marry a naked-terrible 'Fakir’. Thereupon, Parvati told her mother, Menaka, that she would marry none except Shambhu or otherwise she would remain unmarried. Saying this, she went to observe penance and hence is famous as ‘Tapacharini - Brahmacharini.’ From that time onwards, her name ‘Uma’ became familiar.
     
  3. Chandraghanta
    The name of third Shakti form is ‘Chandraghanta.’ There is a crescent moon in her forehead. She is charmful and radiant having golden colour. She has three eyes and ten hands holding ten types of weapons. She is seated on lion and ready for going to war. She is an unprecedented image of bravery. The frightful sound of her bell terrifies all the demons and danavas.
     
  4. Kushmanda
    The name of fourth Durga is ‘Kushmanda.’ As ‘Kushmandini’, she is holding the cosmic egg or ‘Hiranya Garbha’ in her hand. Being the primordial energy, she is the creator and resides in the solar system. She shines brightly in all the ten directions like Sun. She is generally depicted with eight or ten hands. Seven types of weapons are shining in her seven hands. She is also holding a rosary and a lotus. She looks brilliant riding on the lion.
     
  5. Skanda Matha
    The fifth form of Durga is "Skanda Matha". The daughter of Himalaya and married to Shiva, she had a son named "Skanda." Skanda was the commander of the army of Gods. ‘Skanda Matha’ is a deity of fire. Skanda is seated in her lap. She has three eyes and four hands. She is holding a lotus on her left hand while her other hand is in the blessing posture. She is white in colour and seated on a lotus.
     
  6. Katyayani
    The sixth Durga from is ‘Katyayani’. In the past, there was a great sage by name ‘Kata’. Rishi Katyayan, born in this "Katya" lineage, observed penance with a desire to have the ‘Devi’ as a daughter. Devi blessed him by taking birth as a daughter of Katyayan and came to be known as "Katyayani". She has three eyes and eight hands. She is holding weapons in her seven hands and a lotus in the other hand. Her vehicle is lion.
     
  7. Kalaratri
    The seventh Durga is ‘Kalaratri’. She is black like night. Durga’s hairs are unlocked. She has three bright eyes which are round like universe. She has put on necklaces shining like lightening. Thousands of flames of fire come out while she respires from her nose. She rides on ‘Shava’ (dead body). There is a sharp sword in her right hand. Her lower hand is in blessing posture. The burning torch (mashal) is in her left hand and her lower left hand is in the posture of offering protection, telling her devotees to be fearless. Being auspicious she is called "Shubhakari."
     
  8. Maha Gauri
    The Eighth Durga form is "Maha Gauri". She is calm and peaceful. She is ‘Shakti’ without failure, but always fruitful. She is capable of absolving all the sins of the past, present and the future. Her body became black while observing penance in the Himalayas. Shiva cleansed her with the waters of the holy river Ganga. Then her body became bright. Therefore, she came to be known as "Maha Gauri". She is as white as a conch and moon. Gauri is of eight years old. Her clothes and ornaments are white and spotless. She has three eyes and four rands. She rides on a bull. Her top left hand is in "Fearless Mudra" (Abhaya Hastha) and lower left hand holds "Trishul." The top right hand has tambourine and the lower right hand is in blessing posture.
     
  9. Siddhidatri
    ‘Siddhidatri’ is the ninth Durga form. This form is worshiped by all Gods, Rishis, Munis, Siddhas, Yogis, Sadhakas and devotees for attaining supreme bliss. There are eight Siddhis or ‘Ashta Siddhis’. They are: Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakamya, Iishitva and Vashitva. Maha Shakti bestows these Siddhies. It is said in "Devi Bhagavatha" that Supreme God Shiva secured all these Siddhies by worshipping the ‘Maha Shakti.’ With her gratitude, his body turned half female and half male and therefore Shiva is also called "Ardhanarishvara". One half of the body is that of Parvathi and the other half that of Shiva. Having a smiling face, the Goddess is seated on a lion. She has four hands which are holding conch, disc, mace and lotus.
     

108 Names of Durga Puja


 
Name
Meaning
Durga The Inaccessible
Devi The Diety
Tribhuvaneshwari Goddess of The Three Worlds
Yashodagarba Sambhoota Emerging From Yashoda's Womb
Narayanavarapriya Fond of Narayana's Boons
Nandagopakulajata Daughter Of The Nandagopa Race
Mangalya Auspicious
Kulavardhini Developer Of The Race
Kamsavidravanakari Threatened Kamsa
Asurakshayamkari Reducer Of The Number Of Demons
Shilathata Vinikshibda At Birth,Slammed By Kamsa
Akashagamini Flew In The Sky
Vasudevabhagini Sister Of Vasudeva
Divamalya Vibhooshita Adorned With Beautiful Garlands
Divyambaradhara Beautifully Robed
Khadgaketaka Dharini Holder Of Sword And Shield
Shiva Auspicious
Papadharini Bearer Of Others' Sins
Varada Granter Of Boons
Krishna Sister Of Krishna
Kumari Young Girl
Brahmacharini Seeker Of Brahman
Balarkasadrushakara Like The Rising Sun
Purnachandra Nibhanana Beautiful Like The Full Moon
Chaturbhuja Four-Armed
Chaturvakttra Four-Faced
Peenashroni Payodhara Large Bosomed
Mayoora Pichhavalaya Wearer Of Peacock-Feathered Bangles
Keyurangadadharini Bejewelled With Armlets And Bracelets
Krishnachhavisama Like Krishna's Radiance
Krishna Dark-Complexioned
Sankarshanasamanana Equal To Sankarshana
Indradhwaja Samabahudharini With Shoulders Like Indra's Flag
Patradharini Vessel-Holder
Pankajadharini Lotus-Holder
Kanttadhara Holder of Shiva's Neck
Pashadharini Holder Of Rope
Dhanurdharini Holder Of Bow
Mahachakradharini Holder Of Chakra
Vividayudhadhara Bearer Of Various Weapons
Kundalapurnakarna Vibhooshita Wearer Of Earrings Covering The Ears
Chandravispardimukha Beautiful Like The Moon
Mukutavirajita Shining With Crown Adorned
Shikhipichhadwaja Virajita Having Peacock-Feathered Flag
Kaumaravratadhara Observer Of Fasts Like Young Girls Do
Tridivabhavayirtri Goddess Of The Three Worlds
Tridashapujita The Goddess Of The Celestials
Trailokyarakshini Protector Of The Three Worlds
Mahishasuranashini Destroyer Of Mahisha
Prasanna Cheerful
Surashreshtta Supreme Among The Celestials
Shiva Shiva's Half
Jaya Victorious
Vijaya Conqueror
Sangramajayaprada Granter Of Victory In The War
Varada Bestower
Vindhyavasini` Resident Of The Vindhyas
Kali Dark-Complexioned
Kali Goddess Of Death
Mahakali Wife Of Mahakala
Seedupriya Fond Of Drinks
Mamsapriya Fond Of Flesh
Pashupriya Fond Of All Beings
Bhootanushruta Well-Wisher Of Bhootaganas
Varada Bestower
Kamacharini Acting On One's Own Accord
Papaharini Destroyer Of Sins
Kirti Famed
Shree Auspicious
Dhruti Valiant
Siddhi Successful
Hri Holy Chant Of Hymns
Vidhya Wisdom
Santati Granter Of Issues
Mati Wise
Sandhya Twilight
Ratri Night
Prabha Dawn
Nitya Eternal
Jyotsana Radiant Like Flames
Kantha Radiant
Khama Embodiment Of Forgiveness
Daya Compassionate
Bandhananashini Detacher Of Attachments
Mohanashini Destroyer Of Desires
Putrapamrityunashini Sustainer Of Son's Untimely Death
Dhanakshayanashini Controller Of Wealth Decrease
Vyadhinashini Vanquisher Of Ailments
Mruthyunashini Destroyer Of Death
Bhayanashini Remover Of Fear
Padmapatrakshi Eyes Like The Lotus Leaf
Durga Remover Of Distress
Sharanya Granter Of Refuge
Bhaktavatsala Lover Of Devotees
Saukhyada Bestower Of Well-Being
Arogyada Granter Of Good Health
Rajyada Bestower Of Kingdom
Ayurda Granter Of Longevity
Vapurda Granter Of Beautiful Appearance
Sutada Granter Of Issues
Pravasarakshika Protector Of Travellers
Nagararakshika Protector Of Land
Sangramarakshika Protector Of Wars
Shatrusankata Rakshika Protector From Distress Caused By Foes
Ataviduhkhandhara Rakshika Protector From Ignorance And Distress
Sagaragirirakshika Protector Of Seas And Hills
Sarvakaryasiddhi Pradayika Granter Of Success In All Attempts
Durga Deity Durga


 

 

 

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